At least 1 in 4 people who go to jail will be arrested again within the same year — often dealing with poverty, mental illness and substance use disorders, problems that only worsen with incarceration.
We go to The Prison Policy Initiative for a study on the current state of mass incarceration in the U.S.
The Study's Critical Points
8% or less of all people incarcerated in the U.S. are located in private prisons.
4 out of 5 people who are incarcerated are charged with something other than a drug offense.
⅔ of people in jail have substance use disorders, for which there is not adequate care provided.
400% increase of people incarcerated dying of intoxication between 2000 and 2018.
1 in 5 (18%) people in jail are there for a violation of probation or parole.
153,000 people at least were incarcerated due to non-criminal violations of their parole or probation in 2019.
25% of the daily national jail population is typically due to low-level offenses such as jaywalking or sitting on a sidewalk.
“In Monroe County, N.Y., for example, over 3,000 people have an active bench warrant at any time, more than 3 times the number of people in the county jails.”
6,000 people are in federal prisons for convictions of immigration offenses
16,000 more people are held in pretrial by the U.S. Marshals.
22,000 people are civilly detained by U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), facing deportation.
38% of the incarcerated population is made up of Black Americans. However, they only represent 12% of the U.S. population.
Above: A graphic depicting the number of people who got to jail and prison.